Let us be called Readers rather than Terrorists
By Syeda Fatima Hasan Gilani
In my last article I talked of the advanced reader who is now an observer through the concern towards global warming which has become a multi-faceted delinquent. I ended on the note that there are a number of ways to gauge it. I want to talk further to the same today. There are a number of ways to gauge how the climate of the planet on the whole and one particular area in general has changed over time. Nature has its own information stores. Although in Pakistan we don’t see a lot of research going on however methods adopted in the rest of the world can be replicated.
Trees are considered one of the most ancient and best sources to contain information about the climate of the place they have lived in. Each year the tree trunk grows thicker, forming new rings. In these rings the information is stored regarding a lot of things including climate. In warmer and wetter years, the rings are thicker. Old trees and wood tells us a lot of what has happened in the area. The trend of woodcutting and deforestation in Pakistan may be augmenting the process of information loss but even now many resources of information still remain.
The materials present at the bottoms of lakes and oceans are the keys to the past. The pollen, dead bodies of creatures, and particles of almost everything fall to the bottom of the oceans and lakes forming sediments which preserves all these bits and pieces, containing a wealth of information of time and weather, storing the memory of what was in the air and water at what time.
The glaciers also store the memory of time. And today when scientists want to know what mysteries time has held for millions of years, the polar ice sheets are drilled into. In these sheets, tiny bubbles trapped in gas, are present which are actually pieces of earth’s past atmosphere.
Evidence suggests that human footprint is one of the key foundations of the imbalances that cause Global Warming and Climate change; the question remains whether human innovation can save the planet or can still reverse the process.
2010 is considered as a year when major Global Warming disasters occurred. The year is marked as one of the major turning points in the history of mankind as far as the global warming events are concerned.
The humans have contributed to the Green-House Emissions, as a consequence of Industrialization. Now there is more Carbon Dioxide in the atmosphere then anytime in the past 800,000Years. It is estimated that 66% of the Green-House gasses which are released into the atmosphere since 1854 can be tracked back to burning of Fossil-Fuels and the burning of trees. The biggest contributors to Global Warming include the World’s most industrialized countries i.e. The United States. Mostly the common perception is quite contrary to that.
The U.S is the World’s Largest Emitter of Greenhouse Gases Per Capita. Around the year 2007, China surpassed the US as the world’s largest emitter of greenhouse gases in terms of total output. The Average emission Per person (“per capita”),. It was planned by the Obama Administration that CO2 Emissions would be reduced by 17% by the Year 2020, but unfortunately the Economic Recession lead to an increase in Green-House Gas Emission Levels. It is now feared that the current President, Mr. Donald Trump, may quash the present climate deal, which would result in dire effects on the country.
China is considered to produce the most Carbon Dioxide globally, almost double that which is being produced in the United States. 23% of all the CO2 Emissions are from the China. If China continues on its current pace, the Carbon-Dioxide Output would have doubled by the year 2040.
India is considered to be the Third largest contributor to Green-House Gas Emissions to the World’s Atmosphere. The total Emission contribution is at 5.7%. India is in a unique position, as the country does not have a reliable power-grid in order to bring Electricity to the entire country, Indian plan to double their coal-production, which would further enhance the country’s Carbon-Dioxide Emissions.
Russia contributes 4.87% of the carbon emissions to the world’s atmosphere, while Brazil has a 4.17% carbon footprint on the world Japan endows 3.61% to the total carbon emissions, Indonesia lags behind with a contribution of 2.31% while Germany leaves its mark with 2.23% contribution
Let us do a little research and understand the world and eventually change it to a better place. This is only possible if we read more and even more if we concentrate at the actual issues of the world and not the made-up issues. Let us open our eyes to the real problems. The more I read the more I understand that we are not the terrorist state, in fact US, India and the modern advanced world is. Let’s make a difference in our thinking pattern as well as in the eyes of the world by being what is required the most today… by being a reader.